By Arnold P. Goldstein (Eds.)
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Additional info for A New Morality from Science. Beyondism
A t this point w e are venturing no immediate criticism of the soundness of either the revealed religious or the rational Humanistic ingredient, still less are w e saying one is any better than the other. The criticism is directed against putting the new wine of scientific social study into the old bottles of the purely intuitive value system —and of doing so without a qualm. And since few social scientists are more than amateurs in theology or ethics, one sees a technically well-trained scientist of mature years blithely salting his conclusions with moral values uncritically taken from his high school years, from the folklore of the time, or, most commonly, from what have been fashionably called avant garde, intellectual views in his academic circle.
It took less than a decade for the ceremonies set up for the Worship of Reason, at the first flush of the French Revolution, to fall into decay. In spite of all early enthusiasms reason persistently led to an insipid religion and fragile morality. " Three brief instances of how confusion is added to the modern scene by "social science" movements in the name of rationalism must suffice for illustration —the Freudian impact on sexual values, the reaction of the "authoritarian personality" concept in psychology upon education, and the impress of Marxian economics upon social organization.
The meaning of "the truth of a statement" is its "fit" to the outer world including its predictive value, tested by fact and logic. Provided we discount the classical, absolute worship of logic, and recognize that a grand logic has still to be evolved by empirical generalization extending beyond local logics, science is our most dependable avenue to truth. " A s such, it is really only the familiar cognitive truth with a behavioral corollary attached to it. But the expression is actually constantly in use as if it connoted some entirely new species of truth-testing.