By Fred Ho, Bill V. Mullen
With contributions from activists, artists, and students, Afro Asia is a groundbreaking number of writing at the historic alliances, cultural connections, and shared political innovations linking African americans and Asian american citizens. Bringing jointly autobiography, poetry, scholarly feedback, and different genres, this quantity represents an activist forefront within the cultural fight opposed to oppression.
Afro Asia opens with analyses of old connections among humans of African and of Asian descent. An account of nineteenth-century chinese language employees who fought opposed to slavery and colonialism in Cuba seems along an exploration of African american citizens’ reactions to and stories of the Korean “conflict.” individuals research the fertile interval of Afro-Asian trade that started round the time of the 1955 Bandung convention, the 1st assembly of leaders from Asian and African countries within the postcolonial period. One assesses the connection of 2 vital Sixties Asian American activists to Malcolm X and the Black Panthers. Mao Ze Dong’s 1963 and 1968 statements in help of black liberation are juxtaposed with an outline of the impact of Maoism on African American leftists.
Turning to the humanities, Ishmael Reed offers a quick account of ways he met and helped a number of Asian American writers. A Vietnamese American spoken-word artist describes the effect of black hip-hop tradition on working-class city Asian American early life. Fred Ho interviews invoice Cole, an African American jazz musician who performs Asian double-reed tools. This pioneering assortment closes with an array of artistic writing, together with poetry, memoir, and a discussion approximately identification and friendship that writers, one jap American and the opposite African American, have played round the United States.
Contributors: Betsy Esch, Diane C. Fujino, royal hartigan, Kim Hewitt, Cheryl Higashida, Fred Ho,
Everett Hoagland, Robin D. G. Kelley, invoice V. Mullen, David Mura, Ishle Park, Alexs Pate, Thien-bao Thuc Phi, Ishmael Reed, Kalamu Ya Salaam, Maya Almachar Santos, JoYin C. Shih, Ron Wheeler, Daniel Widener, Lisa Yun
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Extra resources for Afro Asia: Revolutionary Political and Cultural Connections between African Americans and Asian Americans
The history of the Americas, with its Spanish, English, French, and American colonial legacies, cannot be homogenized. Likewise, the role and condition of Asian coolie labor in the Americas— both Indian and Chinese—cannot be oversimpliﬁed. The deﬁnition of ‘‘coolie’’ and the contexts and consequences of coolie labor varied widely—as a term, it generalizes Asian laborers in a wide spectrum of ethnic histories, material conditions, and political contexts. The terms ‘‘coolie’’ or ‘‘indentured laborer’’ are generic assignations that classify the economic utility of coolies.
Because of the labor cost advantages available in Cuba, it quickly outpaced Jamaica in sugar production. By the 1840s, Cuba had become the preeminent producer of sugar in the world (161,000 tons), accounting for 21 percent of Chinese Freedom Fighters in Cuba 37 world production and outdistancing Jamaica, Brazil, and Puerto Rico. Cuba leapt forward with even more phenomenal growth precisely during the period of the 1840s to 1870s, the period when Chinese were introduced as coolies on Cuban sugar plantations.
The American ship Challenger took 915 coolies on board, but only 620 survived. ∂∑ These few facts scratch the surface of the Chinese coolie period in Cuba, a penetrating history of human loss for some and proﬁt for others. From 1847 to 1857, coolie tra≈cking was dominated by the British, Portuguese, and Spanish. Eventually, a vast number of European and American shippers also partook in the lucrative process by investing and providing transport. Ships hailed from twelve European states (England, Spain, France, Denmark, Holland, Portugal, Germany, Austria, Italy, Norway, Russia, Belgium) and the United States.