By John Guthrie
The necessities of creating Design--at Your Fingertips! absolutely up-to-date with the 2009 IBC overseas construction Code, this functional consultant gives you the foremost info you would like in each step of an architectural project--from preliminary making plans and estimating via layout and of completion. The Architect's moveable guide, Fourth variation, offers the most recent code and value details, in addition to a wealth of easy-to-follow diagrams, charts, tables, and checklists for development fabrics, parts, and assemblies. this can be a must-have on-the-job spouse for each layout expert. Get useful assurance of: Land making plans Grading and drainage Soils website advancements Landscaping and irrigation eco-friendly structure Concrete Masonry Metals wooden Thermal and moisture safeguard doorways, home windows, and glass Finishes Specialties apparatus Interiors Assemblies Conveying structures Plumbing and HVAC lighting fixtures and electric
Read or Download The Architect's Portable Handbook: First-Step Rules of Thumb for Building Design, 4th Edition PDF
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Extra resources for The Architect's Portable Handbook: First-Step Rules of Thumb for Building Design, 4th Edition
If the architect is responsible for doing estimates, the architect should consider the following points: a. , what is included and excluded). Examples of misunderstandings: (1) Cost of land (is usually excluded). (2) Financing costs (are usually excluded). (3) Architectural/Engineering (A/E) fees (are usually excluded). (4) City or government fees (are usually excluded). (5) Is site work included or excluded in a $/SF estimate? (6) Are Furniture, Fixture, and Equipment (FF&E) costs included or excluded (usually excluded)?
When doing “conceptual” estimating, by comparing your project to already built projects you can come up with an adjusted area by adding or subtracting the ratios shown.
At the end of a total estimate, an allowance for the general contractor’s overhead and profit should be added. This usually ranges from 10 to 20%. Market conditions at the time of bidding will often affect this percentage as well as all items. The market can swing 10 to 20% from inactive to active times. Contingencies should always be included in estimates as listed below. On alterations or repair projects, 20% is not an unreasonable allowance to make. Use rounding of numbers in all estimating items.