By John Lowry
This very important ebook lays naked the hazards of world warming as a result of carbon dioxide emissions stemming from fossil gas use, and proposes pathways towards mitigation. A dialogue of the present major makes use of of fossil fuels acts as a foundation for proposing doable, economically sound possible choices. the writer outlines a transparent, useful method for constructing a carbon-free destiny via deploying confirmed coverage buildings and applied sciences which are already commercially to be had.
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Additional info for Avoiding Carbon Apocalypse Through Alternative Energy: Life After Fossil Fuels
This means that a tank approximately 10 times the mass of hydrogen would be needed to store hydrogen at 340 bar pressure. 2 would be achieved. Even stored as cryogenic liquid, hydrogen has a very low energy density of 2330 kWh/m3. 89 times the volume of a petrol tank containing petrol with the same energy content. Storing hydrogen as a pressurised gas is intrinsically simple but when pressurised to 300 bars, the hydrogen tank will need to be 10 times the volume of the equivalent petrol tank. Fig.
This method stores energy in the form of the gravitational potential energy of water, pumped from a lower elevation reservoir to a higher elevation. Low-cost off-peak electric power is used to run the pumps. During periods of high electrical demand, the stored water is released through turbines to produce electric power. Although the losses of the pumping process makes the plant a net consumer of energy overall, the system increases revenue by selling more electricity during periods of peak demand, when electricity prices are highest.
The Lardello Geothermal Power Plant (Fig. 9) produces 4800 GWh of electricity per annum—10% of the world’s current geothermal supply. 8) per MWh. org/info/current-and-future-generation/nuclear-powerin-the-world-today/-good%20article) Despite the controversy surrounding it, nuclear ﬁssion has demonstrated that it can provide considerable quantities of electrical power and give off very little carbon release. Currently, over 10% of the world’s electricity is generated by nuclear ﬁssion. It is well established, and France, for example, uses nuclear ﬁssion as its main source of electricity generation.