Battles that Changed History: An Encyclopedia of World by Spencer C. Tucker

By Spencer C. Tucker

The mythic and doomed stand of the three hundred Spartans at Thermopylae; the siege of Carthage in 149-146 BCE, which ended with Rome destroying the town and enslaving the full last Carthaginian inhabitants; the conflict of Hastings in 1066, arguably crucial conflict ever on English soil; the conflict of Trenton that stored the yank progressive reason and confirmed the army attractiveness of common Washington; the firebombing of Tokyo at the evening of March 9-10, 1945, that destroyed one zone of the city.All of those conflicts—and hundreds of thousands more—played a vital position in defining the path of historical past and the evolution of human society. this article offers excessive school-level readers with exact descriptions of the battlefield activities that experience performed the best elements in shaping army background and human lifestyles. specified realization is paid to the larger ancient context and importance of every conflict, particularly with regards to different occasions.

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The Spartan left flank took no part in the battle, as the refused Theban right-flank infantry and cavalry were too far away. Epaminondas’s forces moved to the right and advanced on the remaining Spartan line. The Spartan ranks broke and the men fled, leaving the Thebans in possession of the field and victory. Theban casualties in the battle were light, while the Spartans lost perhaps 2,000 men. After the battle, both sides were open to negotiations. Spartan forces were permitted to withdraw back into the Peloponnese.

Athens provided the principal naval force, while Sparta furnished the main contingent of land forces sent north to resist the Persians. The land force was under the command of King Battle of Thermopylae╇ | 17 Leonidas of Sparta. The Greek plan was for the land forces to hold the Persians just long enough for the fleet to force a Persian withdrawal. Themistocles led the Athenian fleet. Joined by other Greek vessels to make 271 frontline ships, it sailed north to meet the Persian force of more than 650 ships.

The Greeks had won one of the important battles of history. The Battle of Marathon allowed the continuation of Greek independence. The victory was not conclusive, but it did hold the Persians at bay for a decade. Marathon, at least, allowed the Greeks to imagine that they might triumph a second time. References Burn, A. R. Persia and the Greeks: The Defence of the West, c. 546–478 BC. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1984. Creasy, Edward S. The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World: From Marathon to Waterloo.

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