Boiotia and the Boiotian League, 432-371 B.C. by Robert J. Buck

By Robert J. Buck

The historical past of the federal nation of Boiotia from the outbreak of the Peloponnesian warfare in 432 BC to the triumph of the states over its enemies in 371 BC is the focal point of Professor Buck's examine. it's particularly attention-grabbing as the federation underwent such a lot of adjustments. The interaction of political factions with exterior enemies and with clashing ideologies makes it worthy to check.

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It is remembered chiefly because the dead were among those whose burial was the occasion for Perikles' great funeral speech. 31 After 429, however, its main effort was concentrated on the siege of Plataia until its capitulation in 427. 32 The number of pro-League Plataians was fairly large, although precisely how many there were is unknown. Several of them even cultivated and inhabited their lands during the siege and for some time after the surrender of the town (Thuc. 3). They were, especially after the conclusion of the siege, joined by Thebans who held some of land confiscated by the League on ten-year leases.

League security rather than Theban imperialism seems to be the end in view. Synoecism with Thebes, on the pattern seen with Plataia, with a union more like a unitary state eventually ensuing, could have been the eventual result. Thucydides in confusing the League with Thebes probably was following a common Hellenic sentiment. C. 19 There are two pieces of evidence that support this interpretation of Thucydides. First, the circumstances of the massacre of the inhabitants of the Theban town of Mykalessos by Thracian ex-mercenaries of Athens in 413 (Thuc.

23 anti-League faction was so crushed that there was no risk to the Thespian government and to the unity of the League. The oligarchies under the rule of the hoplite and cavalry classes supported one another. 60 In 413 they sent a contingent of 300 hoplites to Sicily with three Boiotarchs, two Theban and one Thespian (Thuc. 3). Presumably the troops were Theban and Thespian in proportion; the latter had a narrow escape from the Athenian blockading patrols but eventually arrived safely at Syracuse (Thuc.

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