By Benjamin R Justesen
Damaged Brotherhood: the increase and Fall of the nationwide Afro-American Council supplies a complete account of the nationwide Afro-American Council, the 1st really national U.S. civil rights association, which existed from 1898 to 1908. in line with exhaustive learn, the amount chronicles the Council’s achievements and its annual conferences and gives photographs of its key leaders.Led by means of 4 of the main extraordinary African American leaders of the time—journalist T. Thomas Fortune, Bishop Alexander Walters, educator Booker T. Washington, and Congressman George Henry White—the Council persisted for a decade regardless of structural flaws and exterior pressures that finally resulted in its loss of life in 1908. writer Benjamin R. Justesen presents old context for the Council’s improvement in the course of an period of extraordinary development in African American agencies. Justesen establishes the nationwide Afro-American Council because the earliest nationwide enviornment for discussions of severe social and political concerns affecting African american citizens and the only most crucial united voice lobbying for cover of the nation’s biggest minority. In a interval marked through racial segregation, common disfranchisement, and lynching violence, the nonpartisan council helped identify extra enduring successor organisations, supplying center management for either the nationwide organization for the development of coloured humans and the nationwide city League. Broken Brotherhood strains the heritage of the Council and the advanced relationships between key leaders from its construction in Rochester in 1898 to its final amassing in Baltimore in 1907, drawing on either deepest correspondence and modern journalism to create a balanced ancient portrait. more advantageous through 13 illustrations, the amount additionally offers exciting information about the 10 nationwide gatherings, describes the Council’s unsuccessful try to problem disfranchisement sooner than the U.S. preferrred courtroom, and sheds mild at the slow breakdown of Republican team spirit between African American leaders within the first decade of the 20 th century.
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Extra resources for Broken Brotherhood: The Rise and Fall of the National Afro-American Council
D. Clinton, J. W. Holmes, the Reverend J. E. Howard, the Reverend W. S. Bentley, and H. F. 39 None of them was known to be active in the Council. But their visit, duly noted in morning editions of the Washington Post and the New York Times, suddenly seemed an important precedent—and a reminder of how much work the Council still needed to do to achieve legitimacy and influence. (The Post story, appearing only after its much longer account of the Council session, did not mention the Council at all.
17 Yet Fortune’s victory did little to improve his temper or his personal views on leadership. Bishop Walters next delivered the nominating committee report, recommending Fortune as the permanent president of the new National AfroAmerican Council. But the nominee declined, citing a lack of confidence in the race and the new group’s prospects. In response to one black newspaper’s accusation of “petulance” for refusing to lead the new Council formed to his specifications, Fortune would cite poor health and overwork as other reasons.
Smythe, who insisted on joining the committee. S. minister to Liberia under presidents Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur and was arguably the most famous Afro-American in Rochester. 16 Fortune quickly ruled that Smythe’s “different” views on such subjects made him ineligible for membership. But Smythe had allies in the crowd and successfully appealed to the conference for a reversal of Fortune’s ban. ” Cooler heads intervened, convincing the conferees not to alienate Fortune—or, worse, insult Helen Douglass—by endorsing segregation and antimiscegenation laws.