Competition and Coercion: Blacks in the American economy by Robert Higgs

By Robert Higgs

Pageant and Coercion: Blacks within the American financial system, 1865-1914 is a reinterpretation of black monetary heritage within the half-century after Emancipation. Its primary subject is that monetary pageant and racial coercion together decided the cloth situation of the blacks. The ebook identifies a couple of aggressive tactics that performed vital roles in preserving blacks from the racial coercion to which they have been primarily weak. It additionally files the gigantic fiscal profits learned via the black inhabitants among 1865 and 1914. Professor Higgs's account is iconoclastic. It seeks to reorganize the current conceptualization of the interval and to redirect destiny learn of black monetary heritage within the post-Emancipation interval. It increases new questions and indicates new solutions to previous questions, saying that many of the previous questions are misleadingly framed or no longer worthy pursuing in any respect.

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Extra resources for Competition and Coercion: Blacks in the American economy 1865-1914

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2. Southern counties with population 50-75 percent black and over 75 percent black, 191 0. S. Bureau of the Census, Negro Population, 1790-1915 (Washington, 1918), p. l l 5. 26 Competition and coercion the old plantation soon returned. 22 But some blacks moved longer distances. A few went to the North. Far more went westward, seeking out superior opportunities on the fresh lands of the lower Mississippi Valley. Labor agents and western planters lured many with the offer of higher wages in Missis­ sippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas, sometimes contracting to finance the travel of hundreds of workers in a single party.

Contemporary ac­ counts emphasized pressures pushing people from the South more than The people 31 attractions pulling them t o the North: the migrants complained of personal insecurity, political repression, and economic exploitation; the activities of several black agitators and propaganda describing Kansas as a veritable Garden of Eden also played a role. Though some Southern planters attempted to impede the migration of black labor­ ers and tenants by persuasion, interference with steamboat landings, or legal harassment, most whites apparently realized that such mea­ sures were futile.

A. a. 22 (542) Source: Hope T. Eldridge and Dorothy Swaine Thomas, Population Redistri­ bution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870-1950: III. Demographic Analyses and Interrelations (Philadelphia, 1964), pp. 90, 99. prevailed. Indeed, the main feature of the interregional movements during the period 1 870-1910 was that many young blacks, most of them aged 20-40, did leave the South, where earnings were relatively low. They moved to both the Northeast and the North Central regions, where nonagricultural jobs offering higher earnings were more abun­ dant, particularly personal service employments in the great urban centers such as New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago.

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